Roses are the most beautiful flowers, but roses are difficult to care for. Is this true?
Rose care is easier than you think—anyone can grow them successfully.
1. Find the right spot
Roses bushes should receive six to eight hours of sunlight daily. In California we have a hot climate, and roses do best when they are protected from the hot afternoon sun. Roses also thrive when planted in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. In lean, sandy soils, adding compost will help to retain moisture near the plant’s roots.
2. Best time
The best time to plant roses is in the spring.
3. Fertilize often
For nice and impressive flowers, a rose bush needs to be fertilized regularly. Organic methods provide a slow, steady supply of nutrients. Monthly applications of compost, composted manure, and other organic and natural fertilizers. Organic amendments also help to encourage beneficial soil microbes and a well-balanced soil pH.
4. Water wisely
Roses do best when soil moisture is kept uniform throughout the growing season. Roses growing in sandy soils will need more watering than those in heavier clay soils. Hot, dry, and windy conditions will also parch roses quickly.
First, remove all dead and damaged canes (any that look brown), then cut back a third to a half of the previous year’s growth until you find healthy, white centers inside the cane. However, you can lightly prune your roses all season long to keep them well-groomed.
6. Keep them healthy
The best way to prevent rose diseases is to choose disease-resistant varieties. These roses are bred and selected to resist the most common rose afflictions, including powdery mildew and black spot.
Powdery mildew typically appears during the summer, especially when the days are hot and dry and the nights are cool and wet. To avoid powdery mildew, water plants at ground level in the morning, since wet leaves, especially overnight, provide the perfect growing environment. Pruning a rose bush to allow air to circulate through the foliage also helps prevent this powdery growth.